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Home>FFTC Document Database>Annual Reports>FFTC 2017 ANNUAL REPORT>Project 7: Protected cultivation of high-value crops under changing climate conditions
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Collection of information & technologies
Seminars and workshops

Project 7: Protected cultivation of high-value crops under changing climate conditions


Greenhouses protect and provide a safe environment in which all kinds of crops can thrive year-round. They also help reduce pest infestations and fungal infections and assist in optimizing the growth environment for plants. However, despite pronouncements from scientists that greenhouse or protected cultivation technology is one of the smartest alternatives in coping with climate change, the said technology is still a work in progress. 

To help bridge the technology gap between and among countries in the Asian Pacific region, FFTC, together with the Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI), conducted a regional workshop on “Protected Cultivation of High-Value Crops under Climate Conditions.” Held at the MARDI headquarters in Serdong, Selangor, Malaysia, 55 participants from 11 countries participated in the said regional workshop. Its objectives are to look at transition pathways and associated requirements towards establishing protected cultivation and helping forge cooperation in the sector to move towards market-based pricing in order to reflect improved products and innovation.

Since typhoons often visit Southeast Asia, research and engineering for typhoon-proof greenhouses and other protective structures is one of the compelling themes for regional cooperation. Recent developments in strengthening of structural frame and cladding materials, shape optimization, and anti-corrosion treatments could be areas for extension and adoption.

Major findings and recommendations:

  1. Emphasize that the most important criterion for a greenhouse suitable for a tropical environment is sufficient ventilation. Other design criteria include good light transmission, good insulation against pests, high ceiling for better air circulation, wind proof and the availability of clean water;
  2. Extend and adopt the recent developments in strengthening of structural frame and cladding materials, shape optimization and anti-corrosion treatments;
  3. Engage the private sector in efforts to collaborate the greenhouse technologies developed in Europe and Asia since the private sector could provide various expertise and materials;
  4. Integrate protected cultivation with the use of biopesticides and biofertilizers as this could ensure food safety of greenhouse products;
  5. Learn from the lessons of MARDI which sought JICA’s financial support for the postharvest training workshop of the ASEAN-AVRDC Regional Network on Vegetable Research and Development (AARNET); and
  6. Focus on some of the following areas for R&D of greenhouse technologies: varietal development; wind resistance; reduced heat; reduced labor; integrated cropping systems; automation of water, nutrient and other inputs; wireless sensor network; food safety; respectful to the environment; profitability; and technological promotion.

Protected cultivation of high-value crops under changing climate conditions

Held in Selangor, Malaysia, 11-15 September
No. of participating countries:11 (Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, the  Netherlands, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam)
No. of participants: 55
No. of papers presented:17
Co-organizer:  Malaysia Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI)

List of papers

1.    Options for design and management of greenhouse production systems in the tropics
    - Anne Elings
2.    Plant factories in Japan—an integrated approach
    - Akimasa Nakano
3.    Current status of protected horticulture in Korea  
    - In-Ho Yu
4.    Recent developments of protected cultivation in Taiwan
    - Dennis S.S. Wang
5.    Development of protected cultivation for vegetables in Indonesia
    - Nikardi Gunadi
6.    Protected cultivation technologies of vegetable production in Malaysia
    - Farahzety Abdul Mutalib
7.    Recent developments of protected cultivation in the Philippines 
    - Armando Espino, Jr.
8.    Development of greenhouse crop production in Thailand
    - Thammasak Thongket
9.    Impact of climate change on vegetable production and some vegetable development strategies in Vietnam
    - Pham Hong Hien
10.    Protected cultivation technology for high tech farming in the changing climate situation in India
    - Neelam Patel
11.    Design of greenhouses for the tropics and subtropics
    - Chih-Kai Yang
12.    Design optimization of greenhouse environment in tropical climate using specific air space stratification technique
    - Mat Sharif Ismail
13.    Application of integrated sensing and automation technology and preventive bio-control agent for greenhouse precision cultivation 
    - I-Chang Yang
14.    Overview of the contribution of WorldVeg in developing protected cultivation and its use of integrated pest management 
    - Abdul Rasheed War
15.    Reviving the old solar sterilization method by monitoring the soil temperature
    - Tomoyoshi Hashimoto
16.    Integrated management of tomato production in the greenhouse
    - Han-Chun Hsu
17.    Soil steaming for field and greenhouse operation
    - Luuk Runia

FFTC Director Dr. Kuo-Ching Lin welcomes the guests, speakers and participants of the regional workshop held at
the MARDI headquarters in Malaysia. In his speech, Dr. Lin emphasizes the importance of greenhouses as one of
the smartest ways to mitigate the effects of climate change.

There are 55 participants from 11 countries who attend the FFTC-MARDI regional workshop on
Protected Cultivation of High-Value Crops under Climate Conditions.” The group photo is taken during the opening ceremony of
the program which is held at the MARDI headquarters in Selangor, Malaysia.

Participants listen to the reports from speakers who discuss the recent developments of
protected cultivation in their own respective countries.

FFTC Director Dr. Kuo-Ching Lin and Datuk Seri Dr. Ismail Bakar, Secretary General of the Ministry of
Agriculture and Agro-Based Industry in Malaysia meet the members of the Malaysian press and
answer questions about the regional workshop.

Datuk Seri Dr. Ismail Bakar, Secretary General of the Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry in
Malaysia receives a souvenir token from MARDI’s Deputy Director Datuk Dr. Mohamad Roff Bin Mohd Nur (left)
and FFTC Director Dr. Kuo-Ching Lin.

Dr. Dennis Wang from Tainan District Agricultural Research and Extension Services delivers his paper on
“Recent Developments of Protected Cultivation in Taiwan.”