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Collection of information & technologies
Seminars and workshops

Project 5: Developing knowledge management in agriculture for small-scale farmers


In the era of big data, Knowledge Management (KM), is now being used by agricultural organizations to help practitioners make better decisions in farm management. Defined as the explicit and systematic management of intellectual capital and organizational knowledge, KM has recently become an important tool in capturing, storing, and processing data and information in agricultural organizations. KM maybe applied and focused on various levels of a system and can apply a variety of instruments and skills depending on the specific purpose. Several organizations, such as the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), and the Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience International (CABI), have spearheaded the development of large databases on various crops such as rice, wheat, and maize. Significant initiated projects, such as online plant clinics help farmers adapt new technologies and enable them to make better, informed decisions in farm management.
 
An  FFTC-PCAARRD joint international training workshop in the Philippines helped participants understand KM better. Discussions revolved around how to best enhance a functional guide for KM that can be used by agricultural workers, how farmers can access the databases presented by the speakers, the problems and challenges in developing a KM system, information sharing, IP rights,  and resource allocation. It was also mentioned that in creating a KM system for agriculture, expert analysis and observations are needed in its development. The development of taxonomy for a particular crop is crucial in developing a KM system. It is an evolving process and needs a consultant to check the content and flow of the taxonomy created.

An educational trip to the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) and the Philippines’ Department of Agriculture’s Bureau of Agricultural Research (DA-BAR) also exposed the participants to the database operations and management of the said organizations.

Major findings and recommendations:

  1. Provide an avenue for expert analysis and observations in creating a KM system for agriculture. For example, in the case of pests and diseases for crops, information has to be digitized and stored;
  2. Consult an expert in the development of content for the taxonomy of a particular crop;
  3. Consider creating an online community of agricultural experts so that sharing of best practices on KM development can be continued and sustained;
  4. Finalize the lineup of crops that will be included in the development of the plan to create a KM system and do an inventory of information from its publications database; and
  5. Consider getting a KM consultant to look into the software and hardware requirements of the Center. It should also consider looking into other agencies and institutions that have an existing KM system and interact and partner with them.

Developing knowledge management in agriculture for small-scale farmers

Held in Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines, 8-12 May
No. of participating countries: 7 (Japan, Korea,  Malaysia, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam)
No. of participants: 35
No. of papers presented: 9
Co-organizer: Philippine Council for Agriculture Aquaculture and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCAARRD)

List of papers

1. Knowledge management for agricultural development: issues, trends and opportunities
    - Celilu Bitong
2. Developing a KM system: SEARCA’s experience
    -  Maria Celeste Cadiz and Maria Monina  
        Cecilia Villena
3. Knowledge management in MARDI: practices, challenges and the way forward
    - Azrina Asmuni
4. Design of comprehensive livestock farm management system “Hanwoori”
    - Ji-Yong Son
5. Approach to agricultural knowledge management using decision support system for farm planning
    - Masaei Sato
6. Applying the concept of knowledge management to construct the information system on pest management of rice and lychee in Taiwan
    - Ruey-Jang Chang
7. The experiences in the development of GAP standards on fruits and vegetables for farmer cooperatives in Vietnamese conditions using plant clinics as tools of transfer of new technologies for small-scale farmers
    - Nguyen Van Hoa
8. Developing a knowledge management system in ICT for agriculture and fisheries extension delivery
    - Asterio Saliot
9. Developing, implementing and sustaining a successful KM program
    - Jose Rey Alo
 

Close to 40 participants attend the FFTC-PCAARRD joint workshop on “Developing Knowledge Management in
Agriculture for Small-scale Farmers,” Nine KM experts representing seven countries share
their knowledge and experiences on how to develop a KM system for agriculture.

Keynote speaker Ms. Celilu Bitong, KM Officer, Asia Pacific Association of Agricultural Research Institutions (APAARI),
delivers her presentation on “KM for Agricultural Development: Issues, Trends and Opportunities."

Mr. Cesar Drilon, Jr., Board Director, Manila Economic and Cultural Office (MECO)
delivers the opening remarks on behalf of MECO Chairman Mr. Angelito Banayo.

 

FFTC Director Dr. Kuo-Ching Lin and PCAARRD’s Acting Executive Director Dr. Rey Ebora meet for the first time at
the PCAARRD headquarters in Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines.
Both leaders acknowledge their lasting partnerships in their respective speeches. 

Dr. Ruey-Jang Chang, Director, Plant Pathology Division, Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute,
delivers his presentation entitled “Applying the Concept of KM to Construct the Information System on
Pest Management of Rice and Lychee in Taiwan."

Mr. Jose Rey Alo, e-Learning process analyst, is the training facilitator. He talks about
“Developing, Implementing and Sustaining a Successful KM Program.”

The FFTC group, headed by Director Dr. Kuo-Ching Lin, discusses and brainstorms their KM plans as part of the workshop outputs.
The discussion is facilitated by Mr. Jose Rey Alo, Filipino e-Learning process analyst and KM trainer.