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Seminars and workshops

Project 4: Boar semen application for pork quality improvement


Science has a lot to do with some pigs being superior to others. Artificial insemination (AI) and the use of advanced breeding techniques have accelerated genetic improvement and produced more high quality pork. In the process, the quality and quantity of boar semen could be the factor or the link in the march to increase litter size and maximize the genetic potential of pigs.

In the past FFTC livestock workshops conducted in different countries, pig experts have recommended the use of advanced breeding techniques to improve pork production. An offshoot of this recommendation recently resulted in the partnership among FFTC, the Department of Livestock Production (DLP) of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) and the Taiwan Livestock Research Institute (TLRI). The international seminar on “Boar Semen Application for Pork Quality Improvement,” which was conducted last November 6-10, 2017 at the Vietnam National University of Agriculture (VNUA) in Hanoi, Vietnam, was attended by speakers representing eight countries (Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam).

The seminar aims to train pork production farmers and boar semen supply stations and centers the technology of applying boar semen for pork production. It also aims to bring together key researchers and share current state of knowledge on boar semen application, especially for pork quality improvement and genomic selection of boars. In the process, the seminar also hopes to establish an informal network of industry players who can be committed to information sharing and collaborative research. All the lectures were translated from English to the Vietnamese language in order to reach more Vietnamese local pork producers. A training course was held at the Phudong pig breeding farm and 15 trainees joined the practical AI session using liquid boar semen which was prepared by the Taiwan breeding farm. On the third day, the international seminar was held and the speakers delivered 13 presentations composed of country reports and technical papers.
    
Major findings and recommendations:

  1. Affirm that the quality control of boar semen will be important in order to develop the Artificial Insemination (AI) technique for pig farming;
  2. Point out that many good equipment such as computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA) is now available in order to check the quality of semen. However, the cost to introduce this kind of equipment is a critical issue; 
  3. Accentuate the fact that temperature control and the reduction of transportation time of fresh boar semen in liquid form is the most important point in order to improve the conception rate of sows;
  4. Emphasize that the AI technology for pigs such as deep uterine insemination (DUI), a technique in which the semen is injected to the proximal uterine, will lead to the reduction in the amount of semen inseminated. It will also be beneficial and effective in the use of high quality semen per collection; and  
  5. Increase the number of capacity building of experts who can help the regional farmers in teaching and adapting AI.

Boar semen application for pork quality improvement

Held in Hanoi, Vietnam, 6-10 November
No. of participating countries: 8 (Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam)
No. of participants: 50
No. of papers presented: 13
Co-organizers:  Department of Livestock Production, Ministry of Agriculture and Rurala Development, Vietnam; Taiwan Livestock Research Institute, COA, Taiwan

List of papers

1.    Vietnam livestock production overview 
    - Pham Thi Kim Dung 
2.    Artificial insemination techniques in the swine industry of Vietnam
    - Trinh Hong Son
3.    Development and utilization of genomic information for effective pig production—recent achievements and future perspective
    - Masaaki Tanaguchi
4.    Information for making AI station function from CIMCO—a Japanese breeding company 
    - Masamitsu Tomiyama
5.    Importance of preservation of gametes and gonadal tissue for porcine genetic resources 
    - Kazuhiro Kikuchi
6.    Pig production and pork quality improvement in Lao PDR
    - Soukhan Keounouchanh
7.    Swine industry profile of Eastern Shan State in Myanmar
    - Kyaw Kyaw Soe
8.    Seasonal variation on semen production in different boar breeds in Thailand
    - Janyaporn Rungruangsak
9.    Screening on sperm chromosomal breakage of young breeding boars
    - Ting-Yung Kuo
10.    Pathogen free boar semen application in pork production
    - Chun Ni Hsiao
11.    Growth performance and sperm quality of stress negative pietrain boars and their hybrids with duroc in Vietnam 
    - Ha Xuan Bo
12.    Pig breeding and utilization of semen in Malaysia
    - Chian Hoey Lee
13.    The importance of artificial insemination to the Philippine swine industry 
    - Synan Baguio

Before the opening of the seminar, an MOU signing between FFTC and Vietnam's Department of Livestock Production,
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development takes place with Director Dr. Kuo-Ching Lin and
Dr. Huang Than Van, Director of Department of Livestock Production.

There is an exchange of souvenir tokens during the opening of the seminar.
(From L to R) Dr. Pham Thi Kim Dang, Vice Dean, Faculty of Animal Science, Vietnam National University of Agriculture (VNUA),
Dr. Ming- Che Wu of the Taiwan Livestock Research Institute, FFTC Director Dr. Kuo-Ching Lin and
Associate Professor Dr. Vu Dinh Ton, Dean, Faculty of Animal Science, VNUA.

Director Dr. Kuo-Ching Lin visits the Department of  Livestock Production of Vietnam’s Ministry of Agriculture and
Rural Development. He is received by Director General Dr. Huang Thanh Van. Dr. Huang gives a warm welcome speech,
introduces Vietnam agriculture development and leads a fruitful discussion session. 
 

Seminar speakers, guests, participants and some members of the faculty and students of animal science pose for
a group photo in front of the Animal Science building, Vietnam National University of Agriculture.

Seminar delegates, led by FFTC Director Dr. Kuo- Ching Lin and officials of Vietnam's
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development engage in a lively discussion.

Dr. Ting-Yung Kuo of TLRI’s Division of Genetics and Breeding talks about the
“Screening of Sperm Chromosomal Breakage of Young Breeding Boars.”

FFTC Director Dr. Kuo-Ching Lin chats with two livestock experts (left) Dr. Synan Baguio, Officer-in-Charge,
Livestock Division, PCAARRD and Associate Professor Dr. Vu Dinh Ton, Dean, Faculty of Animal Science, VNUA.
 


Seminar participants pose with their certificates of appreciation at an after dinner awarding ceremony.